NF TIME

LYRICS

Even if we both break down tonight
And you say you hate me, and we go to bed angry
I know everything will be alright
I’ll be here waiting, I promise I’m changing
I just need A little time to show you I’m worth it
I know that I can be a difficult person
I’m a stress case, drive you up the wall when I’m workin’
Actually, I’m probably worse when I’m not, you don’t deserve it
Make you nervous ’cause you know I’m a break soon
Every time I do, I say somethin’ that hurts you
Actin’ like I’m gone, but we both in the same room
I don’t like to be wrong, which I know you relate to
And I know I make you feel like you’re at the end of your rope
That’s when I look at you and tell you I’d be better alone
Just the pride talkin’, isn’t it? ‘Cause both of us know
I’m the definition of “wreck” if you look into my soul
Comes out the most when I feel I’m in a vulnerable place
Made a lot of mistakes I wish I knew how to erase
When I’m afraid, might get distant and I push you away
But no matter the case, I’ma do whatever it takes even if Even if we both break down tonight
And you say you hate me, and we go to bed angry
I know everything will be alright
I’ll be here waiting, I promise I’m changing
I just need Time (oh)
I, I need time (oh, oh)
I just need time (oh)
I, I need time (oh)
Time (oh), time (oh)Yeah, way before I bought you the ring
We were fighting back and forth like you were wearin’ the thing
Two passionate people not afraid to say what they think
Lead to passionate conversation when it’s hard to agree
You know me well, sittin’ on the edge of my seat
Lookin’ at life, over analyzin’ everything
Always depressed, tryna find a better version of me
Searching for somethin’ I know’s prolly right in front of my feet
Stubborn as me? Maybe not, but you’re close to it
Got a lot of issues, I’m tryin’ to work through ’em
Going to therapy for you’s somethin’ that’s worth doin’
When I know you been there for me through all of my worst moments
And I know it hurts knowing that I carry this weight on my chest
Making it difficult for me to open up and connect
Lot of regrets, I apologize for all of the stress
That’s not what I meant to do, you know I love you to death even if-Even if we both break down tonight
And you say you hate me, and we go to bed angry
I know everything will be alright
I’ll be here waiting, I promise I’m changing
I just need Time (oh)
I, I need time (oh, oh)
I just need time (oh)
I, I need time (oh)
Time (oh), time (oh)
I just need time (oh)
I, I need time (oh, oh)
I just need time (oh)
I, I need time (oh)
Time (oh), time (oh)

rebuild your universe

(Image credit: Shutterstock)

I have modified my diet – I am chasing the building blocks of brain matter. This means your brain chemistry has Serotonin, Endorphins, Enzymes.

Serotonin impacts every part of your body, from your emotions to your motor skills. Serotonin is considered a natural mood stabilizer. It’s the chemical that helps with sleeping, eating, and digesting. Serotonin also helps:

  • reduce depression
  • regulate anxiety
  • heal wounds
  • stimulate nausea
  • maintain bone health

Feel good after a long walk? These neurochemicals are called endorphins. While endorphins might make you feel good after a long jog, there’s a lot more to know about the role they play in regulating your body.

Enzymes help speed up chemical reactions in the human body. They bind to molecules and alter them in specific ways. They are essential for respiration, digesting food, muscle and nerve function, among thousands of other roles.

Anyone battling a depressive disorder knows how bleak life can feel. Sometimes, you’d try almost anything to make those black clouds go away. 

Understandably, the idea that a few pills can make you feel better seems too good to be true. 

Unfortunately, this often IS too good to be true. 

(Getty Images)

Depression is the world’s single largest contributor to disability. It affects an estimated 350 million people globally, which is around 4.4% of the world’s population.

In fact, the number of people with common mental disorders is increasing year by year, with the fastest-growing rates in lower-income countries. The World Health Organization estimates that 10% to 15% of the general population will experience clinical depression in their lifetime – including 5% of men and 9% of women.

Depressive disorders affect people of all ages and from all walks of life, but there are a number of factors that can increase the risk: namely family history, stressful life changes, psychological factors, low socioeconomic status, sleep disorders, and more. 

One of the longest-running theories in depression is of course the brain-chemistry imbalance. 

The role of brain chemistry in depression

Certain neurotransmitters – most notably dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine – play a crucial role in mood regulation. Neurotransmitters are chemical substances that help certain parts of the brain communicate with each other. Low amounts of these particular neurotransmitters are thought to contribute to the symptoms associated with clinical depression.

It’s for this reason that most antidepressants are designed to alter levels of certain chemicals in the brain. Some of these treatments include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs).

Do they work? Well, according to the research, yes they do – but some better than others. 

There are dozens of different antidepressants and “happy pills” available on the market now. The most common drugs used to treat depression include citalopram (Celexa), escitalopram (Lexapro), paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva), fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem), and sertraline (Zoloft).

When antidepressants don’t work

A 2009 study from Northwestern University showed that more than half the people who take antidepressants for depression never get relief. The reason for this appears to be that drugs designed to treat depression are aimed at the wrong target. 

The researchers behind the study believe that antidepressants are ineffective because they treat stress and/or an imbalance in neurotransmitters in the brain. However, they suggest that the biochemical events that ultimately result in depression actually start in the development and functioning of neurons.

Medications focus on the effect, rather than the cause. This is why they take so long to work, and why they never work at all for some people.  

So, if the problem lies in your neurons, how do you treat it?

Well, one possibility could lie in providing your neurons with the nutrients and protection they need. 

That’s where methylfolate comes in. 

What is methylfolate and what does it do in the brain?

Methylfolate refers to methylenetetrahydrofolate, the most active form of folate. It’s the specific form the body needs to kick off many necessary downstream health processes, like neurotransmitter generation for one (the making of serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine). The bioavailability of L-Methylfolate is much higher than folic acid alone because it needs no conversion within the body before it can be immediately used, whereas folic acid must undergo at least four different enzymatic conversions before methylfolate can be made available to the body. 

Every one of your cells – including over 200 billion brain cells – need this active form of folate to function properly. Methylfolate is involved in making and repairing DNA, genes, and chromosomes. It helps cells to grow, maintain their structure, and regenerate. It’s required in the electrical insulation of nerve cells, and the making of important neurotransmitters.

Most importantly, methylfolate is a cofactor in the production of monoamines – serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine – the very neurotransmitters involved in the regulation of mood.  

This is where my research has been leading me – how to cure the depression without medicine.

Here is my list of needed tools to rebuild the chemistry inside your brain.

COLURACETAM

BACOPA

FRENCH MARITIME

NIGELLA SATIVA

N-ACETYL-L-CYSTEINE

ASHWAGANDHA

FISH OIL

S-ADENOSYL-METHIONINE

GINSENG+GINKGO BILOBA

ACETYL L-CARNITINE

MAGNESIUM

BRAHMI BACOPAA

(TO BE CONTINUED)

MEDITATION – PRAYER – STRENGTH TRAINING – INTENSE CARDIO – NO SALT, NO SUGAR, INPUT INSPIRATIONAL VIDEOS – READ BOOKS – LOVE YOURSELF – REACH A HIGHER POWER – HELP OTHERS

Well having pets can help immensly – for example, I am training my bird. She is very intelligent, however she sometimes really isn’t too fond of me. I learned that if I spend an unusually amount of time with her – she actually starts to tolerate me, a little. She is sitting on my shoulder as I type this.

I was not living – I was not being who I was born to be. And then – I loved someone more then myself. And now – finally, due to the grace of God – I am going the other direction.

It has taken HOURS, DAYS, WEEKS, MONTHS, to realize, that maybe I am not as good as I want to be. Maybe I will never be that good.

Potential. Do you know what that is? Potential means you make the choices. It is up to you to hit the gym. It is up to you to stay longer at work. It is up to you to make the difficult choices. No one else can do them for you. Then one day you wake up old and it’s over. What will I continue to do, to make sure, that I prove it to myself that I can do anything if I put my mind to it.

All I can tell you is – learn what you CAN do and what you CANNOT do.

It’s always a work in progress – never give up – never accept defeat, and always remember to love and have empathy and compassion in this world.

Tomorrow I’m going to the pool – working on my tan – and my bird is upset so I need to stop typing and feed her.

Take care.

4 Trillion Bro

How much is 4 Trillion? You realize what is happening to our country right now…

Can we even pay that back?

Why not 40 Trillion ?

How about 400 Trillion that would be even better.

Do you know how much money that is?

Tyler Durden's Photoby Tyler DurdenTuesday, Jul 13, 2021 – 11:03 PM

Democrats Strike Deal On $3.5 Trillion “Human Infrastructure” Package

Months after the Biden Administration and its Congressional allies leaked the first details of President Biden’s massive two-part “Build Back Better” infrastructure plan, Chuck Schumer, the Democrats’ leader in the Senate, just announced that Democrats have united behind a $3.5 trillion “infrastructure” spending package, which they can now pass using special budget rules allowing them to circumvent the filibuster.

In a late-night announcement Tuesday, Schumer said the Budget Committee had reached an agreement to allot $3.5 trillion for a spending package that would complete President Biden’s infrastructure plan.

“The Budget Committee has come to an agreement,” Sen. Schumer told reporters Tuesday night following a closed-door meeting with Democratic lawmakers.

The deal adds to the $600 billion package of infrastructure measures that Biden has struck with Republicans.

“You add that to that the $600 billion in a bipartisan plan and you get to $4.1 trillion, which is very, very close to what President Biden has asked us for,” Schumer said. “Every major program that President Biden has asked us for is funded in a robust way.”

The package will include such “infrastructure” priorities like expanding Medicare, addressing climate change, expanding childcare (after the administration just approved a new $300 handout for couples with children)  and education. The Democrats have famously deemed all this “human infrastructure”, which Republicans have vowed to reject.

Democrats will meet with Biden Wednesday, the majority leader said following the closed-door meeting.

“We are very proud of this plan. We know we have a long road to go. We’re going to get this done for the sake of making average Americans’ lives a whole lot better,” Schumer said

Previously, Schumer has promised to hold votes on both pieces of legislation before the Senate breaks for its August recess, which amounts to a pretty aggressive timeline, especially since some Republicans might rethink their support for the earlier measure now that Democrats are pushing ahead with the bigger multi-trillion-dollar package.

To be clear, the bipartisan deal struck by Biden authorizes a total of $1.2 trillion in spending over eight years. Meanwhile, the budget resolution necessary to pass the Democratic-only bill will require some more maneuvering.

Senate Democrats want to bring the bipartisan infrastructure bill to the floor as soon as next week, though negotiators have warned that is an ambitious pace. Democrats didn’t say on Tuesday night when specifically they would be ready to take the budget resolution to the floor. To pass both the budget resolution and a subsequent $3 to $5-trillion infrastructure bill through the Senate Democrats will need total unity from all 50 of their members. Democrats declined to say on Tuesday night if they had unified support.


11/21/2019 – Do your best !

Thursday, Nov 21, 2019 — There is no cap on what you can achieve when your healthy willpower and your hustle are working in tandem. It pays to be deliberate and conscientious when deciding who and what to draw in closer today. A healthy balance between your physical body and your inner world is stabilizing for your nervous system as you go about building in one area and tearing down barriers in another. Keep yourself well hydrated and nourished as you aim your intentions at the stars. Believe in your dreams and never give up

Strength and Honor

IG Nobel Prize

**Authors Note** I have just upgraded my posting editor and can’t figure out how to change the colors! My apologies! Shouldn’t that be one of the main features??? ARGH – well – it’s October again and we are coming up to the IG Nobel Prize. Here is some background =

Learning new things is always exciting, it drives the human mind. In searching we can open more doors, discover fruitful pathways, harbor new experiences. We all need to break through, somehow, someway. Education is the key, the engine to achieving your destiny to the real journey. And then your given an award… EDIT – FIGURED OUT THE COLORS ^.^

2015 Nobel Canidates

Not just a Nobel Prize… but a “IG” Nobel Prize.

IG Nobel Prize?

  1. The Ig Nobel Prizes are a parody of the Nobel Prizes and are given each year in early October for ten unusual or trivial achievements in scientific research. The stated aim of the prizes is to “honor achievements that first make people laugh, and then make them think”.

Essentially, they are given to people whose research is highly unusual or seemingly trivial, but none-the-less is interesting and sometimes even important.

The first Ig Nobels were created in 1991 by Marc Abrahams, editor and co-founder of the Annals of Improbable Research, and the master of ceremonies at all subsequent awards ceremonies. Awards were presented at that time for discoveries “that cannot, or should not, be reproduced”.

Ten prizes are awarded each year in many categories, including the Nobel Prize categories of physics, chemistry, physiology/medicine, literature, and peace, but also other categories such as public health, engineering, biology, and interdisciplinary research.

The Ig Nobel Prizes recognize genuine achievements, with the exception of three prizes awarded in the first year to fictitious scientists Josiah Carberry, Paul DeFanti, and Thomas Kyle.

The awards are sometimes veiled criticism (or gentle satire), as in the two awards given for homeopathy research, prizes in “science education” to the Kansas and Colorado state boards of education for their stance regarding the teaching of evolution, and the prize awarded to Social Text after the Sokal Affair. Most often, however, they draw attention to scientific articles that have some humorous or unexpected aspect.

Examples range from the discovery that the presence of humans tends to sexually arouse ostriches, to the statement that black holes fulfill all the technical requirements to be the location of Hell, to research on the “five-second rule“, a tongue-in-cheek belief that food dropped on the floor will not become contaminated if it is picked up within five seconds.

In 2010, Sir Andre Geim became the first person to receive both a Nobel Prize and an individual Ig Nobel prize

Ceremony

Throwing paper airplanes onto the stage is a long-standing tradition at the Ig Nobels. In past years, physics professor Roy Glauber swept the stage clean of the airplanes as the official “Keeper of the Broom” for years. Glauber could not attend the 2005 awards because he was traveling to Stockholm to claim a genuine Nobel Prize in Physics.

The “Parade of Ignitaries” brings various supporting groups into the hall. At the 1997 ceremonies, a team of “cryogenic sex researchers distributed a pamphlet titled “Safe Sex at Four Kelvin“. Delegates from the Museum of Bad Art are often on hand to display some pieces from their collection too.

The prizes are presented to the winners by actual Nobel laureates.  One person, Sir Andre Geim, has actually won both an IG Nobel Prize (in 2000) and a real Nobel Prize (in 2010).  He won the IG Nobel Prize for an experiment where he and another scientist successfully levitated a frog using magnets.  His actual Nobel Prize was won “for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene”.

During the ceremony, each IG Nobel Prize winner is given 60 seconds to explain their research.  If they go over the time, a little girl, “Miss Sweetie Poo”, will walk up to them and yell “Please stop: I’m bored” continually until the speaker stops.  It was also once traditional for audience members to throw paper airplanes at the stage while the ceremony was taking place, but this practice has died out in recent years due to safety concerns.

Violet vs Purple

Mid September 2018 – Today  I learned more about purple and violet. How color hits our eyes and we create the picture based on color
wavelengths sent to our eye. I like learning things, and in particular I like violet better then purple for a number of reasons. Here is what you should know about these colors.

The individual difference between ‘violet’ and ‘purple’

People say that a picture is worth a thousand words, so let’s take a look at the two colors in comparison (there are various shades of purple and violet, and the following picture shows some of the more common ones):

So, purple is more reddish and saturated, while violet is more bluish and less saturated. Case closed, right?

There is more in it than the eyes can see (quite literally). To understand the difference, we have to take a look at how our eyes work first.

The electromagnetic spectrum is a continuous range of wavelengths, only a tiny part of which is visible to humans:

Electromagnetic Spectrum

We see neither the ultraviolet wavelengths and shorter, nor the infrared wavelengths and longer. How do we see the rest? We have three types of color-sensitive cells in our eyes, so-called cones.

The cones don’t perceive just a single wavelength; they are activated by a whole range of wavelengths, and the signals received from the cones are then processed by the brain in such a way that every color can be thought of as composed of three different elementary signals.

The following picture shows approximately how the brain perceives different spectral colors (the higher the curve, the higher the intensity of the elementary signal the brain receives):

Color-Cones

For example, when you see monochromatic (pure) red light on the very right side of the spectrum, only the “red” signal path is activated, which tells your brain to create the impression of red. On the other hand, when you see pure green light (in the middle), both “green” and “red” paths are activated, but your brain knows that “a lot of green activation and a bit less red activation” is in fact just a pure green color, which is what you see.

When a mixture of photons that have different wavelengths hits the retina (creating a ratio of red, green, and blue activation different from any spectral color), the brain will perceive it as an entirely different color. For example, there is no white wavelength. What we perceive as “white” is in fact just a mixture of many different spectral colors.

What happens when violet light hits the retina?

The “red” signal path has an interesting additional property. As you can see above, it has a small bump of activation around the short-wavelength (violet) end of the visible spectrum. When violet light hits the retina, both the “blue” path and (much less) the “red” path are activated. The brain interprets this kind of input in a specific way, which we call “violet”.

It is worth noting that the pigment in the “green” cones themselves also has a small peak of absorption around violet wavelengths, but the brain seems to ignore it (it is not possible to simulate the perception of violet by a combination of green and blue light).

Purple is not a spectral color

As we noted before, many colors we can see are not in the visible spectrum. When you see an object, typically a mixture of different wavelengths reaches your retina, which causes the cones to be activated at a ratio not achievable by a spectral color.

Our brains are very good at interpreting this mixture (it would be silly to simply throw away a part of the incoming information and make everything look like the closest spectral color), and, as a result, we are able to see several million different colors, most of which are not present in the spectrum.

As we noted at the beginning of the article, purple looks more “reddish” than violet, and that’s absolutely correct. Purple is formed by mixing red and blue at a ratio close to 1:1, whereas violet is perceived by your eyes as containing more blue than red.

Purple and violet look similar only to humans

To us, humans, purple looks like a more saturated shade of violet, but violet objects in nature are fundamentally different from purple ones. Purple objects are “red and blue at the same time”, whereas violet objects are… just violet.

If you take a look at the distance between violet and blue in the picture of the spectrum above, it is about the same as the distance between green and orange. Purple is a mixture of red (which is at the opposite side of the spectrum than violet) and blue (which is relatively far from violet), so it is, in terms of wavelengths, a completely different color.

The reason why purple and violet look similar to us is because they stimulate our cones in a similar way, but most other animals don’t share the same types of cones and “post-processing”. This means that to other animals, purple and violet may look completely different!

Now imagine a violet flower petal with a purple pattern on it. Depending on the particular shades, this pattern might be completely invisible to us, while many other animals could see it as clearly as we can see an orange pattern on green background. Even common consumer cameras wouldn’t help us; they are designed to capture the same red-green-blue information as our eyes do, so even taking a photo of the petal and editing it in Photoshop would not uncover the pattern.

Look for aura that is “deep pink and dark green” for the cosmic teacher.

SOURCE LINK TO CONTENT FROM   –  Jakub Marian

Tron R3C0NF1GUR3D

Awesome Song to hear, I’m promoting the Old-Sk00L Tr0N from 1982 – this song is from the reboot.

Remix from Daft Punk.

LISTEN TO IT NOW ! 

Does it Make you FEEL GOOD?

The reboot movie is pretty cool, but nothing beats the nostalgia of an old Disney movie from the 80’s. 

I like old stuff, I like history – and I love my country and my faith.

I encourage you all to seek God and the higher power –  and to take each and everyday as a blessing.  

We just passed the half way point of 2018 – what an incredible year. 

Please email me directly with any thoughts about the website – 7/13/2018

28isthefuture@gmail.com    <—– My Email !

Get Healthy and Die Hard

My friends have some great ideas and food recipes with food sources to maintain body energy.

Here are foods you should EAT to stay alive and FEEL GOOD.

27 Foods That Can Give You More Energy
Positive Health Wellness

(SOURCE) PositiveHealthWellness

I probably should eat more Beets and Quinoa !!

Visit them with the link above to check out more interesting ideas. They love technology and health and work to combine both to experience a higher quality of life in our fast pace world today.

Reality Check Blogging

Currently it’s still cold, a storm is passing through my town.

We had lots of dark clouds today. I want to express myself again through another podcast on soundcloud, and that is below these pictures. Just click the play button. I have disabled auto-play due to it being annoying for people who already listened to it once.

Today is the 28th day of February. Does anyone know about our planet going through the Ascension?

We have lots of things about technology, cryptocurrency, the stock market, artificial intelligence, and new health discoveries. Finding the time to gather my thoughts to write all this stuff down is so time consuming, but it should come about.
I heard the Youtube censorship is really cracking down. They are policing the channels like crazy. My vision is to buy enough bandwidth and put anything on my site that is needed, regardless of what any company thinks. We are the number28, and we live in the greatest country in the world. I also love all the other people on this planet. Just google some of the censorship going on right now, very disturbing times with free speech.
Right now however, I wanted to just rant a little and get more creative with some reality stuff and how I see things after my experience last year. God willing I can post more inspiration things and point the direction of our blogs to the greater good.

CLICK BELOW TO LISTEN TO THE BRAND NEW BLOGGING ENTERTAINMENT RANT UPDATE!

Again, always a work in progress. We want to tell you that you are important. That you matter. That we are about you and want the best for you. Love is stronger and is the highest vibration in the universe. All the planets vibrate in space and have a sound. Our spirit is demanding our attention, we all need love. We are attracted to that energy.  I will tell you that the motivation keeping this site alive is through passion and pure grit.

Remember karma means if you do something good, it will come back to you. Just stay positive. I wish you a prosperous 2018 !

Einstein & Tesla 2018

What will 2018 bring?

Ten years from today – we will be in 2028.

Could you imagine? Is that the future or what.

I wish you peace, long life, and joy wherever you go.

Happy 2018!

Here is some facts found by BBC.com about Tesla and Einstein, a rather curious read indeed.
Celebrated inventor and physicist Nikola Tesla swore by toe exercises – every night, he’d repeatedly ‘squish’ his toes, 100 times for each foot, according to the author Marc J Seifer. While it’s not entirely clear exactly what that exercise involved, Tesla claimed it helped to stimulate his brain cells.

The most prolific mathematician of the 20th Century, Paul Erdos, preferred a different kind of stimulant: amphetamine, which he used to fuel 20-hour number benders. When a friend bet him $500 that he couldn’t stop for a month, he won but complained “You’ve set mathematics back a month”.

(

Newton, meanwhile, bragged about the benefits of celibacy. When he died in 1727, he had transformed our understanding of the natural world forever and left behind 10 million words of notes; he was also, by all accounts, still a virgin (Tesla was also celibate, though he later claimed he fell in love with a pigeon).

Like it or not, our daily habits have a powerful impact on our brains

Many of the world’s most brilliant scientific minds were also fantastically weird. From Pythagoras’ outright ban on beans to Benjamin Franklin’s naked ‘air baths’, the path to greatness is paved with some truly peculiar habits.

But what if these are more than superficial facts? Scientists are increasingly realising that intelligence is less about sheer genetic luck than we tend to think. According to the latest review of the evidence, around 40% of what distinguishes the brainiac’s from the blockheads in adulthood is environmental. Like it or not, our daily habits have a powerful impact on our brains, shaping their structure and changing the way we think.

We'll never know, but maybe out of shot, Tesla was squishing his toes (Credit: SPL)

We’ll never know, but maybe out of shot, Nikola Tesla was squishing his toes (Credit: SPL)

Of all history’s great minds, arguably the master of combining genius with unusual habits was Albert Einstein – so what better person to study for clues to mind-enhancing behaviours to try ourselves? He taught us how to squeeze energy out of atoms, so maybe, just maybe, he might be able to teach us a thing or two about how to squeeze the most out of our tiny mortal brains. Could there be any benefits in following Einstein’s sleep, diet, and even fashion choices?

10 HOURS OF SLEEP AND ONE-SECOND NAPS

It’s common knowledge that sleep is good for your brain – and Einstein took this advice more seriously than most. He reportedly slept for at least 10 hours per day – nearly one and a half times as much as the average American today (6.8 hours). But can you really slumber your way to a sharper mind?

The author John Steinbeck once said: “It is a common experience that a problem difficult at night is resolved in the morning after the committee of sleep has worked on it.”

Many of the most radical breakthroughs in human history, including the periodic table, the structure of DNA and Einstein’s theory of special relativity, have supposedly occurred while their discoverer was unconscious. The latter came to Einstein while he was dreaming about cows being electrocuted. But is this really true?

Back in 2004, scientists at the University of Lubeck, Germany, tested the idea with a simple experiment. First they trained volunteers to play a number game. Most gradually got the hang of it with practice, but by far the quickest way to improve was to uncover a hidden rule. When the students were tested again eight hours later, those who had been allowed to sleep were more than twice as likely to gain insight into the rules than those who had remained awake.

Those who have more spindle events tend to have greater ‘fluid intelligence’

When we fall asleep, the brain enters a series of cycles. Every 90-120 minutes the brain fluctuates between light sleep, deep sleep and a phase associated with dreaming, known as Rapid Eye Movement (REM), which until recently was thought to play the leading role in learning and memory. But this isn’t the full story. “Non-REM sleep has been a bit of a mystery, but we spend about 60% of our night in this type of sleep,” says Stuart Fogel, a neuroscientist at the University of Ottawa.

Non-REM sleep is characterized by bursts of fast brain activity, so called ‘spindle events’ because of the spindle-shaped zigzag the waves trace on an EEG. A normal night’s sleep will involve thousands of these, each lasting no longer than a few seconds. “This is really the gateway to other stages of sleep – the more you sleep, the more of these events you’ll have,” he says.

Chilling out with physicist Niels Bohr (Credit: SPL)

Chilling out with physicist Niels Bohr (Credit: SPL)

Spindle events begin with a surge of electrical energy generated by the rapid firing of structures deep in the brain. The main culprit is the thalamus, an oval shaped region which acts as the brain’s main ‘switching centre’, sending incoming sensory signals in the right direction. While we’re sleeping, it acts like an internal earplug, scrambling external information to help you stay asleep. During a spindle event, the surge travels up to the brain’s surface and then back down again to complete a loop.

Intriguingly, those who have more spindle events tend to have greater ‘fluid intelligence’ – the ability to solve new problems, use logic in new situations, and identify patterns – the kind Einstein had in spades. “They don’t seem related to other types of intelligence, such as the ability to memorize facts and figures, so it’s really specific to these reasoning skills,” says Fogel. This ties in nicely with Einstein’s disdain for formal education and advice to “never memorize anything which you can look up”.

And though the more you sleep, the more spindle events you’ll have, this doesn’t necessarily prove that more sleep is beneficial. It’s a chicken and egg scenario: do some people have more spindle events because they are smart, or are they smart because they have more spindle events? The jury is still out, but a recent study showed that night-time sleep in women – and napping in men – can improve reasoning and problem solving skills. Crucially, the boost to intelligence was linked to the presence of spindle events, which only occurred during night-time sleep in women and daytime slumbers in men.

It’s not yet known why spindle events would be helpful, but Fogel thinks it may have something to do with the regions which are activated. “We’ve found that the same regions that generate spindles – the thalamus and the cortex [the brain’s surface] – well, these are the areas which support the ability to solve problems and apply logic in new situations,” he says.

Luckily for Einstein, he also took regular naps. According to apocryphal legend, to make sure he didn’t overdo it he’d recline in his armchair with a spoon in his hand and a metal plate directly beneath. He’d allow himself to drift off for a second, then – bam! – the spoon would fall from his hand and the sound of it hitting the plate would wake him up.

DAILY WALKS

Einstein’s daily walk was sacred to him. While he was working at Princeton University, New Jersey, he’d walk the mile and a half journey there and back. He followed in the footsteps of other diligent walkers, including Darwin who went for three 45 minute walks every day.

These constitutionals weren’t just for fitness – there’s mountains of evidence that walking can boost memory, creativity and problem-solving. For creativity at least, walking outside is even better. But why?

Go for a walk! Einstein recommends it (Credit: Getty Images)

Go for a walk! Einstein recommends it (Credit: Getty Images)

When you think about it, it doesn’t make a lot of sense. Walking distracts the brain from more cerebral tasks, and forces it to focus on putting one foot in front of the other and not falling over. Enter ‘transient hypofrontality’ – translated into basic English, this impressive mouthful basically means temporarily toning down the activity in certain parts of the brain. In particular, the frontal lobes, which are involved in higher processes such as memory, judgement and language.

By turning it down a notch, the brain adopts a totally different style of thinking – one which may lead to insights you wouldn’t get at your desk. There isn’t any evidence for this explanation of walking’s benefits yet, but it’s a tantalizing idea.

EATING SPAGHETTI

So what do geniuses eat? Alas, it’s not clear what fueled Einstein’s extraordinary mind, though the internet somewhat dubiously claims it was spaghetti. He did once joke that his favorite things about Italy were “spaghetti and [mathematician] Levi-Civita”, so we’ll go with that.

Though carbohydrates have got a bad rep, as always, Einstein was spot on. It’s well known that the brain is a food-guzzling greedy guts, consuming 20% of the body’s energy though it only accounts for 2% of its weight (Einstein’s may have been even less – his brain weighed just 1,230g, compared to an average of around 1,400g). Just like the rest of the body, the brain prefers to snack on simple sugars, such as glucose, which have been broken down from carbohydrates. Neurons require an almost-continuous supply and will only accept other energy sources when it’s really desperate. And therein lies a problem.

Despite this sweet tooth, the brain has no way of storing any energy, so when blood glucose levels drop, it quickly runs out. “The body can release some from its own glycogen stores by releasing stress hormones such as cortisol, but these have side-effects,” says Leigh Gibson, a lecturer in psychology and physiology at the University of Roehampton.

(Credit: SPL)

Smoking is not advised, Einstein wouldn’t have been aware of all the health risks (Credit: SPL)

These include the familiar light-headedness and confusion we feel when we skip dinner. One study found that those on low carbohydrate diets have slower reaction times and reduced spatial memory – though only in the short-term (after a few weeks, the brain will adapt to salvaging energy from other sources, such as protein).

Sugars can give the brain a valuable boost, but unfortunately this doesn’t mean binging on spaghetti is a good idea. “Typically the evidence suggests that about 25g of carbohydrate is beneficial, but double that and you may actually impair your ability to think,” says Gibson. For perspective, that’s around 37 strands of spaghetti, which is a lot less than it sounds (around half as much as the recommended portion). “It’s not as simple a story as it sounds,” says Gibson.

SMOKING A PIPE

Today, the many health risks of smoking are widely known, so this is not a habit that it would be wise to follow. But Einstein was a hardened pipe smoker, known as much around campus for the cloud of smoke which followed him as for his theories. He famously loved to smoke, believing it “contributes to a somewhat calm and objective judgment in all human affairs.” He’d even pick cigarette butts off the street and stuff the remaining tobacco into his pipe.

Not really the behavior of a genius, but in his defense, though evidence had been mounting since the 1940s, tobacco wasn’t publicly linked to lung cancer and other illnesses until 1962 – seven years after his death.

Today the risks are no secret – smoking stops brain cells forming, thins the cerebral cortex (the wrinkled outer layer responsible for consciousness) and starves the brain of oxygen. It’s fair to say that Einstein was clever despite this habit – not because of it.

But there is one final mystery. An analysis of 20,000 adolescents in the United States, whose habits and health were followed for 15 years, found that irrespective of age, ethnicity or education, more intelligent children grow up to smoke more cigarettes, more frequently, than the rest of us. Scientists still don’t know why this is, though intriguingly it’s not true everywhere – in the UK, smokers tend to have lower IQs.

Who needs socks? They're generally relatively unnecessary (Credit: Getty Images)

NO SOCKS

No list of Einstein’s eccentricities would be complete without a mention of his passionate aversion to socks. “When I was young,” he wrote in a letter to his cousin – and later, wife – Elsa, “I found out that the big toe always ends up making a hole in a sock. So I stopped wearing socks.” Later in life, when he couldn’t find his sandals he’d wear Elsa’s sling backs instead.

As it turns out, rocking the hipster look probably didn’t do Einstein any favors. Regrettably, there haven’t been any studies looking directly at the impact of going sock-less, but changing into casual clothing, as opposed to a more formal outfit, has been linked to poor performance on tests of abstract thinking.

And what better way to end that with some advice from the man himself. “The important thing is not to stop questioning; curiosity has its own reason for existing,” he told LIFE magazine in 1955.

Failing that, you might try some toe exercises. Who knows – they might just work. And aren’t you dying to find out?

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