Category Archives: News

WTF is a Person Of Principle?

MOD: REPOST SEPT 12th, 2022

This is one of my oldest articles. VERY INTERESTING!

Wow this guy Ramsey McNabb is insane! This was interesting.

Usually, when someone is called a ‘person of principle’ it is meant as a compliment. For the most part, we take that phrase as applying to the ethical elite: those who lead highly moral lives, and never, or at least rarely, fail to follow their moral principles. A person of principle means someone who faithfully follows their principle or set of principles rather than abandoning them when convenient. If faced with a seemingly difficult decision in life, he or she will refer to his or her guiding set of principles and then merely deduce the correct action from it. If on rare occasions such principled people do not behave according to their principles, they would consider such actions to be moral mistakes on their part.

A Christian would certainly strive to be a person of principle. Such a person would live his or her life according to the moral guidelines set out in the Bible, especially for instance the Ten Commandments. Suppose Norbert, a Christian, really wants to get his son a wristwatch from the local department store, but cannot afford to pay for it. He is quite certain that he could steal the watch without being caught. To resolve his inner dispute, all he has to do is refer to his set of guiding principles, and he will recall that “Thou shalt not steal” applies. Norbert, being a man of principle, leaves the store disappointed, without the watch, but also without having violated his principle, and therefore without having acted immorally.

A committed utilitarian is also a person of principle. Suppose Amina is walking down the street, on her way to tutor a boy she knows so that he can pass his upcoming biology test. Suddenly she sees two children stumble into a crevasse left by last week’s earthquake. No one else is around, and it would probably take quite some time for her either to save the children herself, or call for help and wait for it to arrive. She is faced with a dilemma. She can go do her tutoring, and ignore the accident she just witnessed; or she can help the children and miss her tutoring commitment. Being a committed utilitarian, and therefore a person of principle, all she needs to do is consult her guiding principle: “Do whatever will bring about the greatest good for the greatest number.” That solves her problem, because saving the two trapped and wounded girls helps the people who are most in need, and it also helps the greater number of people.

A person who lives her life by Kant’s ethical theory would also be a person of principle. Suppose that Terra, a Kantian, finds a fifty-dollar bill on a football field, and she pockets it, because after looking carefully, she does not see anyone else around. Lucky for her, because she could sure use the money to buy her mom that ceramic pit bull terrier for Christmas. However, ten minutes later, Biff, the quarterback of the football team, comes over to the field and seems to be scouring the ground, as if he’s looking for something he lost. Terra quickly concludes that the money is probably his. Being a person of principle she consults Kant’s categorical imperative, which is her highest guiding principle: “Act only on that maxim which you can at the same time will to become a universal law.” She figures on that basis that anyone who finds money should be able to keep it if they don’t know to whom it belongs. But the case has changed, and she couldn’t possibly will that everyone should always keep the property of others just because they’ve briefly misplaced it. She returns the money to Biff, who promptly uses it to buy a ceramic football player for his father.

These are people of principle. They have beliefs and they are committed to living their lives according to those principles. They seem to be highly moral people who make excellent ethical choices. But watch where their principles take them…

Norbert the Christian is invited to go flying with his pilot friend Erica. They fly up north for about an hour, but then the engine gives out and Erica crash-lands the plane in a farmer’s field. Erica is trapped in the cockpit and begs for water. Norbert leaves her and runs to the nearby farmhouse. He knocks on the door but there is no answer. He notices a “NO TRESPASSING” sign. He also notices a hose attached to a tap on the side of the house. He could get water for Erica, but that would be stealing, since he has not been given permission by the owner. Norbert, being a person of principle, will not steal, no matter the case, so he fails to provide Erica with her much-needed water.

When our utilitarian, Amina, grows older, she becomes a doctor. A patient, Mr. Wiggles, comes to see her because he has sliced his finger badly. It’s only hanging on by a flap of skin. Mr. Wiggles would like Amina to repair his hand; but she has other ideas. She has four severely ill patients, who all need urgent transplants to survive their illnesses. The first needs a heart transplant; the second needs two new lungs; the third a bone marrow transplant; and the fourth needs a new liver. When she checks his medical files, Amina notices that Mr. Wiggles is a perfect match for all these patients. Amina sedates and slaughters him (against his will), and uses his organs to save the other patients. She manages to keep the entire procedure a secret from the public, and from everyone involved. She has brought about the greatest good for the greatest number of people. She has sacrificed one life, but saved four.

Our Kantian, Terra, sees a young girl run past frantically. The girl scurries underneath a nearby parked Honda Civic and hides. Moments later, a notorious escaped murderer comes onto the scene and inquires into the whereabouts of the girl. Terra thinks about Kant’s categorical imperative, and realizing that she could not universalize the maxim of her action if she were to lie, she decides to tell the truth, and thereafter the young girl is attacked and killed.

There is an exception to every rule, they say, and maybe they’re right, especially in ethics. Maybe being a person of principle isn’t such a good idea after all…

Dealing With The Exception

The exception is perhaps the greatest obstacle for any moral theory to deal with. You adopt a supposedly ideal moral system which should tell you what to do to act morally in any possible case: all you have to do is deduce the proper action from your principle or set of principles, then follow it. No problem. You’ll be doing the right thing, and acting without sin. But then you run into that odd, unexpected situation where following your rulebook doesn’t seem so neat and tidy. This new case is special, unique, and unanticipated by your ethical system. In fact, it just feels wrong to follow the rules here in this instance. Do you go with your rulebook, or your current intuition?

There are many who would step in and try to defend principled (rulebook style) ethics. They have three obvious defenses:

(1) Simply deny that apparent problems create exceptions.

(2) Hold the view that principles can be rewritten so that the apparent exceptions are no longer exceptions.

(3) Argue that each apparent exceptional case is really a case of conflicting principles, where two or more principles both apply, but one is overruled by another of greater priority.

The first defense holds that there are no exceptional cases. This means that when our current intuition clashes with the principle on which we base our moral system, we should follow our principle, no matter how wrong it might feel.

While this response avoids the problem of the exception, it pays a price that is far too high, often leading us to sacrifice the well-being of innocent people in service of a principle. This is highly counterintuitive and difficult to stomach. It also requires that we have one single overarching principle which defines our entire ethical system, since a plurality of principles would lead to situations where the principles conflict. But the notion that everything that matters morally can be summed up into one action-guiding principle is extremely questionable.

The second defense holds that when faced with an exceptional case, we should rewrite our principles so that the apparent exception is no longer an exception. So in Terra’s situation, where she must choose between lying and allowing an innocent person to be attacked, she might adjust her “do not lie” principle so that it becomes “do not lie unless you must do so to protect innocent people.” While this approach sounds perfectly reasonable, it completely undermines the authority of Terra’s moral principles. After all, if she can overrule and amend her principles whenever she sees fit, it is really Terra who is doing the moral work, and not her principles. Furthermore, as soon as Terra admits that her principles are open to adjustment, she has no assured principled method of determining in any new case whether it is time to follow her principle as it was, or whether it is time to rewrite it yet again.

The third approach would rank different principles in such a way that even though each principle matters, some matter more than others. So, for example, lying might always be a moral minus, but allowing an innocent person to be attacked could be a greater moral minus. Hence, lying, though itself wrong, is morally required in Terra’s case.

This might be the most plausible of the three defenses of principles, but there are also drawbacks to taking this route. To know which principle wins out in cases where principles conflict, you would either have to rank all the principles on a hierarchy, or else leave it up to an individual to decide priority on a case-by-case basis. Ranking all moral principles would be a troublesome task, to say the least; but leaving it to be decided on a case-by-case basis seems to minimize the moral authority of principles and the guidance that they can provide, leaving a lot to individual judgement. Further, if there is a strict hierarchy, there will be a top deciding principle, which leads to the same problems as with the first defense.

Moral Particularism

The above three defenses all deserve substantial consideration – certainly more than can be devoted in this article – but in the end I believe that there is a fourth option, and that the fourth one is the best. It’s a theory which is steadily gaining momentum and strength in philosophical circles, even though it flies in the face of much of the history of moral philosophy.

Moral philosophy for the most part has historically been an attempt to find the right principles by which we should live our lives. Whether it is a set of divinely inspired commandments, Mill’s principle of utility, Kant’s categorical imperative, or some other principle(s), determining the proper course of action in any given situation has been thought to require little more than deducing from the right set of universal principles, and moral philosophy has, for the most part, been a search for that perfect set of principles. But I believe that moral judgement is not a matter of applying some overarching universal moral principles. In my view, it is quite the opposite. I propose instead that the moral knowledge we have is founded on particular cases, and that the principles we have are mere generalizations from those cases. Thus, our fourth option when faced with exceptional moral cases is: Allow our particular moral judgements to simply override our principles, thereby invalidating those principles.

This approach lands me among those who propose a theory known as moral particularism. The moral particularist holds that the traditional approach to ethical theory is not the best. Rather than deducing the right action from some principle or set of principles, the particularist holds that moral judgement can get along just fine without any dependence on principles.

Imagine that you see a young girl crash her bicycle. She is knocked unconscious, and lying on a set of railway tracks only a dozen steps or so from you. In the distance, you see a train approaching, although it’s still thirty seconds from reaching the girl. What goes through your mind? Do you do a quick mental survey of your moral principles and attempt to apply them to the situation so that you can deduce what the right thing to do might be? Do you compare your two options – saving her and watching her die – and then apply the categorical imperative or the principle of utility to see which action your principle recommends? Or does it occur to you immediately that you should help her, without any application of principles? The moral particularist thinks that you do not need to apply a moral principle to conclude that you should help her. For the particularist, moral knowledge starts in clear-cut cases like this. If you know anything at all with regard to morality, you certainly know you ought to help the girl. You know you should help her even if you do not know any greater universal principles like the categorical imperative or the principle of utility.

W.H. Gass makes a similar point about clear cases: “When we try to explain why they are instances of good or bad, of right or wrong, we sound comic, as anyone does who gives elaborate reasons for the obvious, especially when these reasons are so shamefaced before reality, so miserably beside the point.” (W.H. Gass, ‘The Case of the Obliging Stranger’, The Philosophical Review, Vol. 66, No.2, 1957, p.196.) If the particularist is pressed to explain why you should help the young girl on the railway tracks, then rather than appealing to some overarching impersonal principle, the particularist will reply with particular reasons, for example: “The girl will die if you do nothing,” or “Because she’s about to get crushed,” or “Her family will be devastated,” or “Wouldn’t you want to be saved if you were in her shoes?”

So the particularist has a different interpretation of the relationship between particular cases and moral principles. Exceptional cases do not trouble particularists, since principles are mere generalizations from cases anyway. For the particularists, principles are, at best, helpful moral crutches. We can fall back on them when we are unable to properly examine the details of a specific case, or when our judgement is impaired or untrustworthy, or when we do not have enough information to fully understand what makes a particular case unique. But it should be made clear that for particularists, moral principles are tools that exist only to serve and help us, and they should be ignored or modified when they don’t. On the contrary, for universalists (believers in universal principles), our moral competence depends on how well we serve universal principles. Yet there is something strange about the notion that morality is ultimately a matter of applying impersonal moral principles to particular cases – morality becomes a matter of calculation rather than care. M.U. Walker makes a similar point: “Even as the theories tell us how to live they defeat or defy motives of attachment to particular people that give us reasons to live or allow us to live well.” (M.U. Walker, Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics, Routledge, 1998, pp.30-31.)

If you are not yet convinced, imagine that someone asks you to justify the commonly-accepted principle that murder is wrong. How would you do it? If you are inclined to respond by giving examples of how terrible murders can be, then you are agreeing with the particularists, since you would be using particular cases to justify principles, and thereby treating principles as derivative. Yet justifying moral principles without appealing to specific cases seems almost impossible. As R.W. Krutzen writes, “One could not know ‘the deliberate, intentional killing of innocent persons is wrong’ if one did not know ‘the deliberate, intentional killing of this innocent person is wrong’.” (R.W. Krutzen, ‘In Defence of Common Moral Sense’ Dialogue 38, 1999, p.259.)

Other Arguments For Particularism

Jonathan Dancy, author of Ethics Without Principles, is most likely the leading proponent of moral particularism. He argues for what he calls reasons holism, which holds that a certain factor can constitute a reason in favour of doing an action in one situation, while constituting a reason against doing that same action in another situation. For example, the fact that “a lot of people will be there” is sometimes a good reason to avoid a place; but it is also sometimes a good reason to go to that place. If you want peace and quiet, it will be a reason against, but if you want to be involved in the festivities, it will be a reason for. Dancy claims that this sort of holism is generally accepted outside of the realm of morality, but is not at all popular in the realm of morality, where many philosophers assume that a moral factor must make the same sort of difference wherever it occurs. Dancy challenges that assumption, and argues that there is no clear distinction between moral reasons and other reasons. Reasons holism works just as well in morality, he thinks. For example, the fact that an action will cause inconvenience to someone is usually a reason not to do it. It would be wrong, for example, to trip up an elderly man who is taking his Sunday stroll to the neighbourhood church. However, if a child-molesting kidnapper is running down the street with a child in his arms, the tripping-up action’s status as inconvenience-causing is a reason in favour of doing it! According to Dancy, if reasons do not function the same way in all cases, then universal moral principles cannot be the foundation of moral thought.

Other particularists rely on Wittgenstein to strengthen their position. Following Wittgenstein’s concept of family resemblances, they argue that it is possible to acquire a concept through experience even if there is no ‘essence’ to the concept, or any clear definition of the concept. Wittgenstein argues, for example, that there is no essential definition available for the concept of games. Some games involve running, but not all games. Most games involve competition, but not all do, because many games are played individually. Also, there are some things that involve running and competition that are not games. So it is thought by Wittgenstein that games share similarities, as members of families do, but that there is no one key ingredient which defines the essence of games. Nevertheless, we regularly use the concept and language of ‘games’, and we do so with little difficulty. Some moral particularists want to say that moral concepts, like right and wrong, are similar to such concepts, in the sense that they have no single essence, but they can be used and understood anyway.

Conclusion

There is certainly much more to be said about moral particularism, both for it and against it, and this discussion has barely scratched the surface. I don’t expect that every reader will immediately agree that moral principles are unnecessary. That would be unrealistic, since moral philosophy itself is (still) often seen as the search for the right set of universal principles. I do, however, hope I have cast doubt on the universalist position, and have offered particularism as a theoretical competitor. We should at least not just assume that moral thought is a top-down affair, in which proper moral action is deduced from higher moral principles. We should at least acknowledge and consider the possibility that it might be the other way around – that moral thought is a bottom-up affair, in which the building blocks of moral knowledge are the clear particular moral cases, and that moral principles are inductive derivations from those cases. There are many important ongoing battles which characterize what philosophy is all about, for example empiricism vs. rationalism, freedom vs. determinism, and Cartesian dualism vs. eliminative materialism. I suggest that the moral particularism vs. moral universalism debate should take its rightful place as one of philosophy’s greatest battles.

SOURCE

Russia VS Ukraine

This video is a great explaination of the current situation from Russia.

I recommend checking this out.

The video blog mentions that Putin says Ukraine’s government is a propped up from other countries – run by Neo-Nazi’s. He then points out that the data from the parliament in the 2019 election contains only 2% of the population in Ukraine that possibly could even be Nazi’s.

What I wanted to point out is, what about the data?

The Data in 2003 that Suggests Saddam has WMD ? Well did he?

The data in 2020 that says if we lockdown the entire country, we can slow the spread of covid19? Anyone get covid?

That was data for two major events, and how accurate was that information? I really am just helping you think outside the box. We have no idea all the teams – we being the general public. It’s entertaining these ideas that makes life interesting isn’t it?

Consider that data might not be correct, accurate, or properly sampled. Russia started a media disinformation campaign; Anyone recall Fake News in America? And that is why it is so important to check your sources. All content on this domain is strictly for entertainment / fiction / do-not-read-or-believe purposes only. I might need to make a disclaimer lol – anyways take it with a grain of salt boys.

What Did Happen To Saddam’s WMD?

In a phone conversation on February 20th, 2003 – a month before the invasion – Dr. Blix expressed his doubts to Tony Blair. ‘I said explicitly to him that it would be paradoxical if we were to invade Iraq with 250,000 people and find very little. He said no, no, no they are all convinced it will be there.’

Precisely a month later American and British troops entered Iraq. They found nothing.

What Did Happen To Saddam’s WMD? | History Today

New Study Indicates Lockdowns Didn’t Slow the Spread of Covid-19

“Assessing Mandatory Stay-At-Home and Business Closure Effects on the Spread of Covid-19” intends to do.

The study compares the impact of lockdown policies of eight countries in the Northern Hemisphere: England, France, Germany, Iran, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, and the US. All countries that have seen harsh lockdowns. It uses two counterfactuals: South Korea and Sweden, to serve as an example of how Covid spreads under relatively light public health interventions. 

The study seems to indicate what we have known for decades.

This is that there are a number of things that the state can do –

to help slow the spread of disease but – closing down society is not one of them.

Perhaps there is a sort of heroic romanticism about flexing the muscles of the state to stop a fearsome enemy that makes lockdowns so attractive. The only problem with this is that we are dealing with reality, and society is not a playset. 

New Study Indicates Lockdowns Didn’t Slow the Spread of Covid-19 | AIER

To be concluded…

Deltacron Announced

  • A Cyprus researcher believes he has identified a new strain of the coronavirus. 
  • University professor Leondios Kostrikis says he found 25 cases of what he calls the “Deltacron.”
  • The Deltacron is believed to be a combination of the Delta and Omicron variants.

Israel approves a 4th dose of Covid vaccine for those with compromised immune systems.

Over four million Israelis have received a booster shot, out of a total population of nine million, but about a million eligible Israelis have not. In November, Israel became one of the first countries after the United States to approve Covid vaccinations for children aged 5 to 11, but the initial uptake in that age group has been slow.

Anyone test positive for the Flu or Cold this winter?

If you are reading this –

I wish you peace, long life, happiness, and I urge you to do something kind for another soul.

May it bring you good karma.

Proud of our essential workers, serving a purpose.

May you all continue to grow.

The purpose of thenumber28.com is to serve the greater good – to help and inspire.

I Thank You for visiting.

SOURCE

Year of the Rooster 2017

Happy Lunar New Year 2017 !

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HOW’S IT GOING IN 2017 ?? 

Find the strength to build a better life for your family!

Chinese Horoscope 2017 – Year of the Fire Rooster

According to the Chinese calendar, the year 2017 is the year of the Fire Rooster. The Chinese people say that this year people will be more polite and less stubborn, but they will have the tendency to complicate things.

As Asian people see it, the year 2017 is a year dominated by the orientation towards progress, honor and maximum integrity, people learning to temper their ardor.
This year, the natives of the year of the Rat are going to enjoy many happy events, including financial success, and the natives of the year of the Ox will enjoy unexpected success and unforeseen events.

Those born in the year of the Tiger will not lack anything, enjoying a special astral protection and devoted friends that will come to their help in the last minute. The year 2017 of the Fire Rooster will be full of positive events and very good news, career progress and profitable businesses for those born in the year of the Dragon. During this year, the Snake natives are going to stand out professionally and be promoted. SOURCE

Basic Astrology Elements of 2017

Earthly Branch of Birth Year: You
The Five Elements: Metal
Yin Yang: Yin
Lunar Month: Eighth
Lucky Numbers: 5, 7, 8; Avoid: 1, 3, 9
Lucky Flowers: gladiola, impatiens, cockscomb
Colors: golden, brown, brownish yellow, yellow; Avoid: white, green

Overwatch_promo_chicken
Overwatch has a Chinese New Year event !

Date Chinese lunar new year
2016 date Monday, 8 February, Monkey
2017 date Saturday, 28 January, Rooster
2018 date Friday, 16 February, Dog
2019 date Tuesday, 5 February, Pig

Spiritual branch = 

28 January 2017 15 February 2018 Fire Rooster

year_of_cock_2017

The Rooster (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: /) is one of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac (and similar zodiacal systems) related to the Chinese calendar. The Year of the Rooster is represented by the Earthly Branch character . T

In Chinese philosophy, fire (Chinese: ; pinyin: huǒ) is the prosper of the matter, or the matter’s prosperity stage.[1] Fire is the second phase of Wu Xing.

Fire is yang in character. Its motion is upward and its energy is expansive.

Fire is associated with Summer, the South, the planet Mars, the colour red (associated with extreme luck), hot weather, daylight, and the Vermilion Bird (Zhu Que) in the Four Symbols (which is associated with a red phoenix in Western culture).

Let’s make this year count !!

Rio 2016

The Rio Gold Medals for USA 8/17/2016

medal count - 8_17_16

I just want to say – that despite all the flaws in this nation, the United States of America, my home, hosts some of the most fantastic human beings ever created.

Against the entire world, somehow, someway, the USA is singing right now and is leading by over THIRTY medals. For the moment, even if short lived, I am proud of my country and it’s citizens!

Were Just Getting Started

Ted Cruz and John Kasich have dropped out of the Republican presidential race.

There will still be many challenges to overcome, but we are with Trump. Strength has been gaining from the much needed right in the GOP.

Donald_CNN
Credit to Migel Parry at CNN for this picture

We might have a leader with balls to put respect all around the world. China and Putin are powerful, and yet – they respect Trump.

Ted Cruz is done and out of the Republican presidential race, making headway for Donald to be the GOP Presidential nominee.

This was a shock as it seemed destined just a few weeks ago that we would end up a contested convention this summer. Cruz had insisted that he would stay in the race until June 7.

Following a painstaking loss to Donald Trump in Indiana, John also suspended his campaign.

Kasich was there all the way till the end – it has been reported that he called his closest friends saying “My heart is not in this.”

Donald Trump, who emerged as the presumptive GOP nominee Tuesday night -when Ted Cruz dropped out.

Trump needs 1,237 delegates needed to win the nomination before a contested convention. He has currently has over 1,000.

They put everything on the line in Indiana – and still got beaten.

We wholeheartedly respect these two men, and wish them the best of luck. They are still gears in the American engine.

I believe it takes heart and guts to run for President. Cruz and Kasich had both.

Liberty2

Liberty

SOURCE

That Adoring Gaze

nancy_reagan_obamaToday, on March 6th, 2016 thenumber28 has heard some disheartening news. We usually post inspirational and inspiring news, yet we pause in those moments of unforeseen misfortune.together2Nancy Reagan, who died Sunday at age 94, was the former President Ronald Reagan of the United States of America. Her “Ronnie” — whenever they were in the same room, were rarely apart.

together3She brought old style and glamour to the White House — and defended it despite criticism. She expanded our social life and their spending.

But when all is said and done, Nancy Reagan will be remembered for her pure absolute devotion to her husband Mr. Reagan. She elevating him, strengthened his legacy, protected him from any threats, and even going so far as to consulting an astrologer to help arrange his schedule. She wanted him to succeed so much, she would look to the stars to guide the engine of the free world.

Behind every great man there’s a great woman.

togetherWe will take a moment of silence to honor the dedication, love, and passion this beautiful soul graced our world with.nanncy_reagans_death

We are also happy that she lived such a long, fulfilled, and beautiful life to die at such an old age with such grace.young_nancy

We thank you for reading, and we hope to learn more of our history, so it is not doomed to be repeated. To create a better America, a stronger world, and a better tomorrow.

Leap Year 2016

28isthefuture@gmail.com
Leap into the future

Today is the 28th of February, a special day as our number comes into glory today.

As we know, tomorrow February 29th, 2016 is our leap day. 2016 is a leap year, this is also the Chinese year of the Monkey.

It takes the Earth approximately 365.242189 days – or 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 45 seconds – to circle once around the Sun. This is called atropical year, and is measured from the March equinox.

However, the Gregorian calendar has only 365 days in a year, so if we didn’t add a leap day on February 29 nearly every four years, we would lose almost six hours off our calendar every year.

After only 100 years, our calendar would be off by about 24 days!

thenumber28 celebrates this leap year 2016 to inspire our imagination by moving into the future and taking the risk of leaping smack dab into your ultimate destiny.

Let’s celebrate our time on this earth, and leap!

Nuclear Missile Defense

Today on February 7th, 2016 – North Korea launched a satellite into space. thenumber28 strongly apposes this and all nuclear testing. It has triggered a wave of international condemnation and prompting strong reaction from an emergency meeting of the U.N. Security Council.

korea_missile

Even though they claim peaceful purposes, it is being widely viewed by other countries as a front to test a ballistic missile, as last month North Korea reported they had a hydrogen bomb test last month.

Both acts are in defiance of U.N international sanctions.

So, what happens if we are attacked by nuclear weapons? There are several capabilities that the USA and our allies would use to counter strike, and retaliate. I hope we have a true global resistance to this catastrophic situation, however, what if it really did happen?
The United States must have an eagle’s eye on this. Lockheed Martin, who is the world’s largest defense contractor, has several solutions.

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It was formed by the merger of Lockheed Corporation with Martin Marietta in March 1995. It is headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland, in the Washington, DC, area. Lockheed Martin employs 116,000 people worldwide. Marillyn Hewson is the current President and CEO.

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Lockheed Martin stands as one of the world’s premier companies in the aerospace, defense, security, and technologies industry.

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ICBM defense has a multi-tiered system. The United States and our allies would more than likely launch their countermeasures at the ICBM. Some of these defense measures include: jamming, other missiles, lasers, bullets from jets cannons, microwaves, and remotely taking control of the missile.

lockheed_3

All the countermeasures are based on hitting the incoming weapon with our own missiles. We have a pretty large naval presence in the Pacific and lots of the boats are equipped to take out a intercontinental ICBM missile.

lockheed_7

At the same time there are more likely additional, more classified tactics. ICBMs travel at Mach 10 so I’d imagine they have some electronic countermeasures as well, maybe involving trying to hijack and redirect the missile remotely using special developed military technology.

lockheed_6

It was mentioned to me that marines in Japan’s naval forces in the area that antimissile awareness is one of their highest top priorities.

We will be watching North Korea very closely to see how they progress and also retaining faith in the United States government to counter all threats foreign and domestic.

Trump Tops Iowa 28%

trump_iowa

The Number 28 Inc. proudly supports Mr. Donald J. Trump to be our next president of the United States of America and lead the free world.

Currently he holds the #1 lead at twenty eight percent.

Donald J Trump Leads at 28%

We endorse him and wish him luck tomorrow at the Iowa Caucus 2016 event on February 1st, 2016.

Our country has done great things, putting a man on the moon just touches the surface on the freedoms and social conquests for humanity that the USA has established.

I fear what the world would become without the USA. However corruption, politics, greed, and gluttony has destroyed a once mighty nation. Our forefathers are rolling in their graves.

We NEED to Make America Great Again.

I believe in his pledge, his vision, and trust him to get the job done correctly and honorably.

We here at thenumber28 salute you, Mr. Trump. Godspeed.

Currently Donald J. Trump has surged past Ted Cruz in Iowa, while Hillary Clinton is holding a three-point lead over Bernie Sanders, according to the final Des Moines Register/Bloomberg Politics poll before the Iowa caucuses.

Trump leads Texas Sen. Ted Cruz by 5 points.

Trump captures the support of 28 percent of likely caucus-goers, compared to 23 percent for Cruz, 15 percent for Florida Sen. Marco Rubio and 10 percent for former neurosurgeon Ben Carson.

On the Democratic, the data shows Clinton up over Sanders 45 to 42 percent, with just three percent for former Maryland Gov. Martin O’Malley.

I believe in America, I believe in Mr. Trump.

In God We Trust. Go Trump !!

John Logie Baird

First television transmission was February 9, 1928.

We see this number come up, as the energy once again comes together to make the impossible, possible.

Creater of the television, thenumber28 honors Mr. John Logie Baird today by reminding the world of his invention. The thing we all have in our homes, was designed by a great thinker, a visionary, with a spark of luck and painstaking work. His insight and genius inspires us. Google has also commemorated this day with a doodle today.

Here is some info about this man and his vision.

Ninety years ago today a moving head on a screen made history. It was the first public demonstration of live television.

The mechanical television, also known as “the televisor” worked a bit like a radio, but had a rotating mechanism attached that could generate a video to accompany the sound. It preceded the modern television, which creates images using electronic scanning.
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In 1924 Baird managed to transmit a flickering image across a distance of 10 feet and the following year, he had a breakthrough when he achieved TV pictures with light and shade.

Within two years this flicker was the face of a woman who was in a different room.

The historic 1926 public display took place on January 26, in a lab in Soho in front of members from the Royal Institution and a journalist from the Times.

Although the pictures were small, measuring just 3.5 by 2 inches, the process was revolutionary.
Logie-2_3558790b“The image as transmitted was faint and often blurred, but substantiated a claim that through the ‘televisor,’ as Mr Baird has named his apparatus, it is possible to transmit and reproduce instantly the details of movement, and such things as the play of expression on the face,” wrote the reporter from the Times after the demonstration.

As innovative as the demonstration had been, the journalist wasn’t convinced that it would take off.

“It has yet to be seen to what extent further developments will carry Mr Baird’s system towards practical use,” they wrote.

Still, that was better than the reaction of the Daily Express newspaper who, when Baird approached them with the invention in 1925, kicked him out.

The news editor at the time said: “For God’s sake, go down to reception and get rid of a lunatic who’s down there. He says he’s got a machine for seeing by wireless!”

Following his demonstration in 1926, he developed colour TV and brought out the world’s first mass produced television set in 1929.

In September last year, an anonymous donor stepped in to prevent a recording of Baird’s first transmission of transatlantic television pictures being sold to private collectors overseas.

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The materials, which include a disc featuring what has been described as one of the world’s earliest surviving video recordings, are now stored at the University of Glasgow along with much of the Scottish inventor’s other work.

An asking price of £78,750 was put on the “treasure trove” archive and an export bar was placed on the lot to see if any British buyers would step in.

The purchase of the collection was made possible with the financial support of a businessman from Baird’s hometown of Helensburgh, Argyll and Bute, who wished to remain anonymous.

The recording and radio log books, used by assistant Benjamin Clapp, contain the world’s first-known use of the acronym TV.

The donor, who wanted to remain anonymous, said: “[The collection] charts such an important period of modern engineering history, so I felt it could not, and should not, leave these shores to move abroad. It needs to be shared for future generations.

“John Logie Baird was a Helensburgh man and a Scottish pioneer who helped change the world, and with his ties to the University of Glasgow I think it is only right and proper that this important collection should be coming to the university, and hopefully it will help inspire future pioneering engineers.”

The phonovision shellac disc, dating back to September 20 1927, is the world’s oldest-surviving 78rpm video recording and features pictures of Stookie Bill, the ventriloquist’s dummy Baird used when developing his revolutionary mechanical scanning broadcasts.

It was recorded during his transatlantic television trials but was not actually transmitted until February 9 1928, marking one of Baird’s earliest television broadcasts.

The University of Glasgow already owns a vast collection of Baird’s work. He was a student at the university from 1914, studying engineering.

He cut short his studies when he tried to voluntarily sign up for national service in 1915 but was turned down on health grounds.

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Professor Anton Muscatelli, principal of the University of Glasgow, said: “We’re proud of the fact that John Logie Baird is an alumnus of the University of Glasgow, and so it is fitting and immensely exciting that these important items, which catalogue the world-changing work he was conducting at the time of his engineering breakthrough, are preserved here in Scotland and at the university where he studied.”

Who was John Logie Baird?

Baird was a Scottish engineer and inventor born in 1888 in Helensburgh, Scotland. He was the youngest of four sons of a clergyman.

From 1914 to 1915, Baird was a student at the University of Glasgow, reading engineering.

He cut short his studies when he tried to voluntarily sign up for war duties in 1915, but was turned down on health grounds.

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Baird went on to dominate TV innovation for three decades.

After the 1926 display, Baird continued to develop the mechanical TV and in 1927 he transmitted content across a 438 mile long telephone line between London and Glasgow. He went on to set up the Baird Television Development Company, which produced the first transatlantic broadcast and the first live transmission of the Epsom Derby.

MASSIVE Blizzard Hitting USA

This is man vs nature and global warming consequences –

NASA took the satellite photo Friday around 2:35 a.m. ET as the storm gained strength and headed to the East Coast. Forecasters have warned the storm could deliver “absolutely staggering” amounts of snow.

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Ongoing coverage of the massive snowstorm that forecasters say could dump 2 feet or more of snow on the East Coast and bring severe conditions to millions of people.

What we know

  • More than 85 million people in at least 20 states face storm warnings or advisories.
  • Weather Prediction Center estimates more than 2 feet of snow for Washington, a foot to 18 inches for Philadelphia and eight inches to a foot in New York.
  • More than 3,000 flights have been canceled Friday, with thousands more likely to follow.

Thenumber28’s thoughts and prayers are with our United States Citizens to endure this cold front.

Amazon Buys Twitch $970 million

twitchAmazon is stepping up their GAME in the gaming community. Wow.

Amazon said on Monday it would pay $970 million in cash for Twitch, a live video-game-streaming site with more than 55 million users that’s like YouTube for video games.

As of July, Twitch had over 15 billion minutes of content, and users were spending more than 100 minutes a day on the site, on average. Twitch users can host live streams of their gaming sessions and broadcast them to the world. They can also chop up their sessions into segments for streaming later.

It’s also a resource for gamers who like to show off their unique skills. For example, there’s an entire community on Twitch dedicated to doing weird stuff like beating Zelda games in under 20 minutes or playing massively collaborative games of Pokemon.

Twitch is a huge part of the internet, and it accounts for nearly 2% of all traffic in the U.S. during peak hours, according to a report by The Wall Street Journal. Only Netflix, Google, and Apple account for more traffic. In that respect, Twitch even streams more video than Hulu.

Twitch also accounts for 40% of all live-streamed internet content, according to Business Insider Intelligence:

What’s really impressive is that Twitch was able to become so big after just three years.

You can see Amazon’s purchase of Twitch as a play to take over the future of TV. More and more content is being streamed online, and more and more hours of video watching are being done on sites like YouTube, Netflix, and Hulu. Amazon has its own streaming video service called Amazon Instant that comes with Amazon Prime memberships. Amazon Instant includes thousands of streaming movies and TV shows, including original shows like “Alpha House.”

Earlier Monday, multiple reports indicated Amazon was in late-stage talks to acquire Twitch. The news came as a big surprise because just last month it was reported that Google had agreed to acquire Twitch for about $1 billion. That deal, however, was never officially confirmed.

The Google-Twitch deal felt like a natural fit, since it would’ve been a good way for YouTube to expand its video offerings. Yahoo also tried to buy Twitch for $970 million, but Amazon swooped in and got it instead.

It’s unclear what had caused the Google-Twitch deal to fall through, but one possible reason is over antitrust issues. Since Google already owns YouTube, the world’s largest video streaming site, acquiring another massive video streaming site like Twitch could raise antitrust issues.According to Forbes, the two sides couldn’t agree on the potential break up fee.

Here’s the official announcement from Amazon:

Amazon.com, Inc. (NASDAQ: AMZN) today announced that it has reached an agreement to acquire Twitch Interactive, Inc., the leading live video platform for gamers. In July, more than 55 million unique visitors viewed more than 15 billion minutes of content on Twitch produced by more than 1 million broadcasters, including individual gamers, pro players, publishers, developers, media outlets, conventions and stadium-filling esports organizations.

“Broadcasting and watching gameplay is a global phenomenon and Twitch has built a platform that brings together tens of millions of people who watch billions of minutes of games each month – from The International, to breaking the world record for Mario, to gaming conferences like E3. And, amazingly, Twitch is only three years old,” said Jeff Bezos, founder and CEO of Amazon.com. “Like Twitch, we obsess over customers and like to think differently, and we look forward to learning from them and helping them move even faster to build new services for the gaming community.”

“Amazon and Twitch optimize for our customers first and are both believers in the future of gaming,” said Twitch CEO Emmett Shear. “Being part of Amazon will let us do even more for our community. We will be able to create tools and services faster than we could have independently. This change will mean great things for our community, and will let us bring Twitch to even more people around the world.”

Twitch launched in June 2011 to focus exclusively on live video for gamers. Under the terms of the agreement, which has been approved by Twitch’s shareholders, Amazon will acquire all of the outstanding shares of Twitch for approximately $970 million in cash, as adjusted for the assumption of options and other items. Subject to customary closing conditions, the acquisition is expected to close in the second half of 2014.

Here’s a letter from Twitch’s CEO:

Dear Twitch Community,

It’s almost unbelievable that slightly more than 3 years ago, Twitch didn’t exist. The moment we launched, we knew we had stumbled across something special. But what followed surprised us as much as anyone else, and the impact it’s had on both the community and us has been truly profound. Your talent, your passion, your dedication to gaming, your memes, your brilliance – these have made Twitch what it is today. Every day, we strive to live up to the standard set by you, the community. We want to create the very best place to share your gaming and life online, and that mission continues to guide us. Together with you, we’ve found new ways of connecting developers and publishers with their fans. We’ve created a whole new kind of career that lets people make a living sharing their love of games. We’ve brought billions of hours of entertainment, laughter, joy and the occasional ragequit. I think we can all call that a pretty good start. Today, I’m pleased to announce we’ve been acquired by Amazon. We chose Amazon because they believe in our community, they share our values and long-term vision, and they want to help us get there faster. We’re keeping most everything the same: our office, our employees, our brand, and most importantly our independence. But with Amazon’s support we’ll have the resources to bring you an even better Twitch. I personally want to thank you, each and every member of the Twitch community, for what you’ve created. Thank you for putting your faith in us. Thank you for sticking with us through growing pains and stumbles. Thank you for bringing your very best to us and sharing it with the world. Thank you, from a group of gamers who never dreamed they’d get to help shape the face of the industry that we love so much. It’s dangerous to go alone. On behalf of myself and everyone else at Twitch, thank you for coming with us. Emmett Shear, CEO

SOURCE

Dow Jones keeps sinking – Warning

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The number 28 has an eagle’s eye on our nation. We are worried that trillions of dollars are being lost at a rapid rate. Warning.

Published: Jan 20, 2016 10:28 a.m. ET

The Dow industrials plunged more than 300 points Wednesday as a renewed rout in oil prices and global equities triggered a selloff on Wall Street.
The S&P 500 SPX, -2.67% was down 41 points, or 2.2%, at 1,840 falling below its Aug. 25 closing low of 1867.61—a level viewed as key technical support point for the S&P, suggesting further moves lower may be ahead.
dow_chartThe energy sector was the worst performer on the S&P 500, down 4%, led by Chesapeake Energy’s CHK, -8.12% 9.5% tumble.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average DJIA, -2.59% dropped 332 points, or 2%, to 15,690 and the Nasdaq Composite COMP, -2.58% was off 97 points, or 2.2%, at 4,381.

International Business Machines Corp. shares IBM, -4.50% retreated 4.2% after the computer maker late Tuesday reported a drop in fourth-quarter earnings. The move in Big Blue was contributing nearly 40 points to the blue-chips benchmark’s decline.

Thestock-market rout came as stocks racked up sharp losses world-wide, fueled by oil falling below $28 a barrel and worries over an economic slowdown in China and other developing markets.

“The fledgling hope from yesterday that markets were on the turn has been quashed by sharp overnight falls in Japan and Asia,” said Rebecca O’Keeffe, head of investment at stockbroker Interactive Investor, in a note.

Read: IBM needs software to save it from prolonged downfall

Meanwhile, a flurry of economic data offered a mixed picture of the U.S. economy, but did little to hearten the gloomy sentiment hurting the market.

The U.S. consumer-price index dropped 0.1% in December, but core CPI, which excludes food and energy, rose 0.1%. Though the headline number came in lower than expected, the core was in line with economists’ expectations. For all of 2015 inflation rose just 0.7%, the second slowest rate in 50 years.

Housing starts fell 2.5% last month, missing economists’ expectations, and indicating that home builders cut back slightly on new construction in the final month of 2015.

Meanwhile, in Asia, Japan’s Nikkei NIK, -3.71% slid into bear market territory, which marks a 20% slump from a recent high. And in Europe, markets were lower across the board, with the Stoxx Europe 600 index SXXP, -3.33% almost 3% and on track for its lowest close since late 2014.

“With every upturn being followed by deeper falls, investors are increasingly wary as it becomes more and more difficult to determine what might happen next,” O’Keeffe said.

Read: China’s problems now spilling into Hong Kong

The S&P 500 index SPX, -2.67% and Dow industrials DJIA, -2.59% closed marginally higher on Tuesday following a rally in Europe, while the Nasdaq Composite COMP, -2.58% closed down 0.3%.

Oil blues: Crude oil CLG6, -5.24% hit fresh 12-year lows to trade below $28 a barrel for the February contract, which expires at the end of trade Wednesday. Crude for March delivery fell 2.4% to $28.85.

The losses weighed on U.S. oil companies, with shares of Chevron Corp. CVX, -5.69% down 4.4%, Exxon Mobil Corp. XOM, -3.59% off 2.6%, and Anadarko Petroleum Corp. APC, -6.09% 5.2% lower. Seadrill Ltd. SDRL, -20.52% slid 15.7%.

SOURCE